Canadian citizens and PRs can sponsor their spouses, common-law partners and their dependant children to become PRs in Canada.
To be eligible to sponsor a spouse/common-law partner the sponsor must fulfill the following requirements:
At least 18 years old
Live or plan to live in Canada(depends on the situation)
Not in receipt of social assistance for reasons other than a disability
Able to provide basic needs for sponsor and sponsored
Interesting fact(!) There is usually no income requirements.
The process for sponsoring spouse and common-law partners are slightly different. The main difference is with the proof of relationship.
There are 3 main categories for spousal sponsorship:
Married - You can sponsor the person as your spouse if your marriage is a legally valid civil marriage.
Opposite and same-gender marriages, will be recognized for immigration purposes, where the marriage:
was legally performed in Canada, or
if performed outside of Canada, the marriage must be legally recognized in the country where it took place and in Canada.
Common-law relationship - You can sponsor the person as your common-law partner (same or opposite gender) as long as you’ve been living or have lived with your partner for at least 12 consecutive months in a marriage-like relationship.
A conjugal partner is:
a person who is living outside Canada,
in a conjugal relationship with the sponsor for at least one year, and
could not live with the sponsor as a couple because of reasons beyond their control (e.g. immigration barrier, religious reasons or sexual orientation).
This term applies to both opposite and same-gender couples.
More details about spousal sponsorship on the following pages: